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Лечащий Врач

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МикроРНК как предиктор сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний

https://doi.org/10.51793/OS.2021.24.7.007

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Аннотация

Сердечно-сосудистые заболевания, особенно ишемическая болезнь сердца (ИБС), являются наиболее распространенными заболеваниями во всем мире. Более 50% смертности приходится на данную патологию. В последние десятилетия существует тенденция к «омоложению» сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний – прежде всего гипертонической болезни и ИБС, что вызывает особую тревогу. Общепризнано, что основным этиологическим моментом развития ИБС является атеросклероз. ИБС включает в себя целый ряд клинических диагнозов (стенокардия, инфаркт миокарда и т. д.) и связана с атеросклерозом, распространенным дегенеративным заболеванием, при котором липиды и фиброзный матрикс откладываются в артериальной стенке с формированием атероматозной бляшки. Разрыв нестабильных бляшек в коронарных артериях приводит к высвобождению тромбогенного содержимого в просвет сосуда, приводя к тромбозу коронарных артерий, окклюзии и последующему инфаркту миокарда – критическому состоянию с высокой смертностью [5]. Несмотря на большое количество известных факторов риска, влияющих на развитие данного заболевания, существуют данные, подтвержденные крупными исследованиями, о наличии генетической предрасположенности к нему.

Об авторах

У. А. Халилова
ФГБОУ ВО ВолгГМУ Минздрава России
Россия

Волгоград



В. В. Скворцов
ФГБОУ ВО ВолгГМУ Минздрава России
Россия

доктор медицинских наук

Волгоград



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Рецензия

Для цитирования:


Халилова У.А., Скворцов В.В. МикроРНК как предиктор сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний. Лечащий Врач. 2021;(7):34-38. https://doi.org/10.51793/OS.2021.24.7.007

For citation:


Khalilova U.A., Skvortsova V.V. Micro-RNA as a predictor of cardiovascular diseases. Lechaschi Vrach. 2021;(7):34-38. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.51793/OS.2021.24.7.007

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